Accounting; The Basics

Accountancy

The accountant, is a professional who plays a fundamental role, not only in the field of tax consultancy but also in the field of tax and judicial consultancy.

It carries out a very complex and varied profession, ultimately dealing with everything related to tax and accounting compliance, company law, bankruptcy law, and labor law.

But let’s see in detail who the accountant is and what he does.

What are your professional goals?
The primary objective of the accountant is to offer specialized and up- to- date advice to individuals and businesses so that they can handle tax, property and professional activities without making mistakes and in compliance with the applicable legal regulations.

What tasks do you cover?
The accountant carries out very diversified activities, which vary in degree of responsibility, complexity, and decision-making autonomy.

His activity as a consultant is aimed at a differentiated audience, with different tasks depending on the case:

Business consulting
The accountant supports the company at all stages of its evolution: birth, activity, termination.

In the initial phase, it helps the entrepreneur to assess whether it is possible and convenient to follow up the business idea . He then takes care of the statute, the legal form and all the procedures necessary to start the business.

In the second phase, the accountant works in the consultancy relating to financial matters, corporate law, auditing, and administrative management. He deals with possible procedures for listing on the stock exchange, mergers, acquisitions, as well as operations for general accounting, the preparation of financial statements, etc.

Finally, it supports companies in the event of any cessation of activity, of various legal and bureaucratic aspects.

Advice to private citizens
In this case, the accountant takes care of supporting the private individuals for the sale of real estate and movables, the resolution of inheritance and property issues, the compilation of the income tax return, the personalized financial advice.

Advice to public bodies and institutions
The accountant can be asked to intervene in the economic and fiscal management of public bodies, with activities in the field of financial, asset and economic accounting, management control, auditing and certification of the financial statements.

What are the features and skills you need to have?
The skills that the accountant must have are very complex and diversified.

First of all, it must have a thorough knowledge of tax, economic-legal and administrative matters. Specifically, it must have mastery of tax and pension regulations, of national and international rules for business management.

Furthermore, he must also know the EU directives on the budget and the tax, fiscal, and legal rules of the European Union.

Ultimately, the characteristic that most defines the Accountant is undoubtedly the interest in constant updating, which in this case is really an integral part of the profession.

Finally, knowledge of the English language, good use of IT tools and programs for tax and tax accounting are also necessary.

In order to obtain the reconfirmation of the enrollment in the Order, the Accountant must observe the obligation of continuous training, regulated by a series of three-year scanning tests.